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One Hundred Sight Words And Why

The One Hundred Sight Words

Follow The Spelling Rules – Mostly

The 100 Sight Words for Prep and Grade 1 is the quick route to reading in English. It doesn’t change the importance of phonics in early literacy. Sight Words are set down for Prep and Grade 1 to learn for immediate recognition. These words are frequently occurring in texts. About 40 should be learned by the end of Prep and the full bunch of them towards the end of Grade 1.

The purpose of making these 100 Words into “Sight Words” is to enable the early primary school children to begin to read simple texts without having to learn spelling patterns and rules in the same short space of time. And there is wisdom and common sense in educators doing this. It also means that if you are the educators, this is what they have to do at home.

Fast-Track Your Child With The One Hundred Sight Words

My analysis of The First 100 Sight Words – well, 115 – reveals that 21% have irregular spelling. The rest of them follow any one of 22 spelling rules in English. With immediate recognition of these words, a child is half-way there to knowing these rules and being able to apply them to other letter combinations.

Same Spelling Pattern For Several Words Equals A Spelling Rule

Many people in Australia – and probably Canada and the United States – believe that the word ‘put’ has irregular spelling. But no! Go to the United Kingdom and ‘put’ and ‘but’ are pronounced alike in many parts of the country. When teachers refer to a spelling rule or spelling pattern, it means there are groups of words within that rule. For example, ‘find’,’rind’, ‘pint’ and ‘kind’; and then we have ‘mint’, ‘hint’, ‘kink’ and ‘wind’. The conclusion is that ‘i’ can be a short or long vowel when followed by two terminal consonants. “Find’ is listed as a sight word but it has many bed-fellows. So it is not a word with irregular spelling.

These twenty-two spelling rules are not all taught in Prep and Grade 1. They are taught progressively to the end of Grade 2 along with many others through their reading lessons.

The Way Forward Is For Your Child To Learn The Sight Words

The Sight Words are divided into groups by difficulty.

Make Your Own Flash Cards

  • So, write or print out each word on a small piece of card.
  • Colour-code the group any way you like. Laminate them so they last, or fix the edges of each card with clear tape. This will protect them. A child needs to see a word 40 to 60 times to learn it. Go through the groups of words every day up to the group where your child finds them too hard and doesn’t know them.
  • Write out all the words in a list for your record.  Across the top write the date on your record. Or do this on a spreadsheet.
  • Say the word and ask your child to say after you. Do this three times. On the third reading, keep aside the words your child has difficulty with. Put a cross next to those words in your record.
  • Don’t keep going over the words that your child recognises quickly. Move on to the less well-known and keep starting a new group every couple of weeks.

(I hope to do a short video of this in the near future.)