Landforms, Science Literacy, Grade 5


Landforms  is a five-page unit for Grades 5 and 6. It introduces children to land formations that we see around us or on maps. It serves as an introduction to geography but presented as general knowledge.

Landforms introduces children to the idea of erosion.  It has a brief introduction. It then gives a list of sentences, each one providing a definition of a land form such as what an island is, and what a bay is. Students will see the difference between a bay and a gulf.


  •  reading with definitions,
  •  multi-choice set of questions and
  •  a set of sketches and two maps.
  • The maps illustrate and point to a gulf, a peninsula, an isthmus and an island.
  • A set of 20 land forms. Opposite the list are mixed up descriptions. The student needs to match the description by writing the correct number for the land form.

Parents, non-teachers and teachers, and Grade 4 or 5 children. The unit of work is probably two or three half-hour sittings with your child.

  • It introduces geography in a scientific way.
  • It also extends your child’s vocabulary and general knowledge.

I have used this material in my own teaching and I have added to it to make it easier for any non-teacher to use. Do this with your child and discuss as you move through the material. Try to make local connections so he or she finds it easier to grasp.

Parents and others can find many useful ideas in my posts on a range of topics which I continue to add to.

Reasonable duplication is allowed under this Copyright for teaching purposes for any sized group.



Land Forms

Land Forms is a five-page literacy and geography unit for Grades 5 and 6. This is a basic introduction to the island, the peninsula, the cliff, the coast and several others. Each one is described in simple words and some have a sketch or map to illustrate.

What Is In Land Forms

This unit introduces students to

  • the idea of land formations made by rock and water,
  • definitions that give them an understanding of geography, and
  • sketches and two maps that help children see what land forms are.

Activities in Land Forms


  • read the labels, consider the diagrams and discuss with an adult,
  • read the definitions,
  • complete a multi-choice set of questions, and
  • match 20 land forms with their definitions by writing in the land form number.

The multi-choice set of questions is easier than the matching activity. As is often the case with my units of work, the harder questions are towards the end.

Who Uses Land Forms

Parents can download, print and teach using this lesson. All pics are line sketches and maps are always in black to save parents cost of ink. This is quite adequate for children learning basic geography. This is suitable for Grade 5 and 6. It will extend their word knowledge and they will begin to think in a more scientific way about what they see around them in their own environment. It is probably two lessons or rather two half-hour sittings.

I think the secret to successfully teaching this kind of material is to read, question, listen to an answer and then discuss. Correct together. Refer to a dictionary where needed and use the material in the unit to guide and drive the lesson.


Wilson’s Promontory Marine National Park is similar. A promontory as a land form is not included in Land Forms but the word peninsula is. This is about exploration and discovery of a marine garden through the help of a remotely operated vehicle that could explore at 100m down.